What is private LTE and private 5G?
With the rapid developments such as Wi-Fi 6, the dominance of unauthorized WLAN technology is bound to continue in many enterprise environments. Not only is a new market segment developing to meet current socioeconomic needs, however, existing companies are rapidly reshaping themselves to keep up with competition and trends. Using 4G technology for reference, these latest Wi-Fi networks can meet the requirements of signal propagation, speed and QoS when supporting an appropriate number of endpoints and classic applications, but with the advent of the fourth Industrial Revolution (Industrial 4.0), these technologies will be very limited.
Cutting-edge manufacturing sites, distribution centers, and many other campus environments can benefit from deploying private 5G infrastructure that supports 4G or 5G wireless access networks. From algorithm update to production process, predictive maintenance of machines and real-time interaction with independent distribution vehicles, private 5G networks provide many advantages for modern enterprises.
The 5G core(5GC) components that require 100% Cloud Native Network Functions (CNFs), care ideal for deployment in distributed enterprise data centers. CNFs are built using a micro-service approach to ensure resiliency and granularity scalability and adaptability. CNFs are deployed in public, private, or cross-hybrid multi-access edge computing (MEC) and core cloud architectures, making it easy for any Managed Service Provider (MSP) to adopt.
5G is designed to support the large-scale sensor grid and industrial Internet of things (IIOT) applications we are witnessing. 5G wireless access network (RAN) not only survives in the harsh industrial environment, but also thrives in these environments. When the signal rebounds from different obstacles, the varying time of arrival (spatial diversity) forms multiple time division duplex (TDD) channels, which can provide path redundancy for repeated signals, or increase channel capacity by transmitting different parts of modulation data. In addition, the local mobility built into the operator level network enables nomadic endpoints to move continuously within the park without stopping to re-establish new connections when crossing access points.
Private 5G can deliver ultra low latency and incredibly high bandwidth connections supporting artificial intelligence-driven applications serving an exploding number of sensors and endpoints. With distributed cloud architectures, local processing allows machine learning algorithms to be applied on massive amounts of data without leaving the security and privacy of the enterprise campus. Remaining in the private domain, less demanding real-time and non-real-time traffic can be offloaded to edge or core computing power, hosted by managed service providers.
The 5G Service Based Architecture (SBA) provides the ability to create different network slices, including completely independent control and user plane functions. This allows mobile network operators to partition their public networks, creating an almost unlimited number of private LTE or 5G instances to support their enterprise customers or their MSP partners. Because the user plane function resides at the resident location, traffic can be dynamically directed to customer private networks, pointing to software-defined virtual private networks delivered across operators' shared infrastructure or the Internet.
With these valuable features, inherent flexibility, ease of operation and low cost of entry private LTE and private 5G networks, deployed using cloud native 5G core infrastructure, will power the industries of the future. IPLOOK is able to help deliver a private LTE or private 5G solution.